Spray Coating Safety

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Spray Coating Safety

How to Control the Hazard

Injuries and illnesses resulting from spray coating hazards can be prevented by:

  • The use of engineering controls to lessen the risk of fires or explosions, and to reduce levels of contaminants in the air.
  • Using approved personal protective equipment (PPE).

Engineering Controls

In order to protect workers from injury, all spray coating operations, including spray priming, must be carried out in a properly designed and approved spray coating facility. The volume of contaminated air exhausted, make-up air, and the ventilation maintenance program, must all be properly determined to ensure control of hazards both inside and outside the spray coating facility.

The requirements for an approved facility will ensure that the hazards involved in spray coating are minimized. These requirements are listed on the following page.

Personal Protective Equipment

No spray coating facility system will prevent overexposure of a worker applying the hazardous controlled products. Therefore, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) approved respiratory protection must be worn. Only supplied-air respirators are acceptable for exposure to di-isocyanate containing paints.

Spray Coating Facilities Requirements: Construction & Operation

Unacceptable Acceptable
Walls & Ceilings Combustible Noncombustible (e.g. metal)
2×4 wood construction with gyprocboard finish Steel studs, sheet metal cover minimum 1.2mm thick (.047”)
Corrugated steel finish & wood fabricated doors Concrete block with smooth & continuous finish
Floor Non-grounded concrete floor Floor to be constructed of or covered with noncombustible material (e.g. a grounded concrete floor)
Filters Glass fibre furnace filters Combustibility no greater than Class II filters conforming to the ULC standard, “Test Performance of Air Filter Units”
Ventilation Fans mounted directly at the face of the exhaust duct Air velocity at the face of the spray booth & electrostatic spraying shall be in accordance with ACGIH guidelines
Bathroom or barn exhaust fans
Steel exhaust fan blades Fan blades & casings in exhaust blowers for spray booths shall be non-ferrous
Exhaust Ducts Exhaust ducts constructed of combustible products such as wood or drywall Securely supported & constructed as per current Manitoba Fire Code & NFPA 33, including:

  • Clearances between duct venting & unprotected combustible material
  • Ducts passing through a combustible room with noncombustible insulating material
  • Exhaust ducts access doors for cleaning
  • Exhaust duct outside discharge distances from combustible exterior walls
  • Distances air must not discharge toward any combustible surface or unprotected opening
Electrical Electrical motors mounted in spray booths or ducts All electric equipment including lights, fan motors, plug ins and switches must conform to CSA C22.1 Canadian Electrical Code Part 1
Extension cords or other electrical plug in cords to energize the exhaust fan All metal parts of the spray area including ducts to be electrically bonded & grounded

Combustible/Flammable Material Storage

Quantities of combustible/flammable materials are not to exceed one day’s supply in the spray booth area as per the Manitoba Fire Code.

Fire Protection

Fire separation & fire suppression systems (e.g. sprinklers) to be installed as per the Manitoba Fire Code:

  • Portable fire extinguishers
  • Vehicles equipped with a pressure tank are not permitted in a drying oven or exposed to any heat source or ambient temperature conditions that could cause over pressurization of the container

Source: SAFE Work Manitoba